Equality

The Abarbanel (1437-1508, a great Jewish Portuguese philosopher, commentator and statesman) quotes an amazing Midrash about the creation of Chava, the first woman.

Hashem specifically did not create her from Adam’s foot. Since it is the lowest part of the body, he did not want Adam to view her as a lowly servant of his. Hashem also did not create her from a part of his head. He did not want her to tower over him and dominate him.

Rather, He created her from Adam’s rib, a bone found in the middle of the body. This teaches us that Hashem wanted balance and harmony in their marriage.

This Torah thought is not calling for egalitarianism, rather it is stressing the importance of mutual respect, recognition and working together.